Health - Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is when one or many conditions which affect the heart and arteries. Examples of these conditions are:

  • Atherosclerosis (build-up of fatty deposits on the walls of arteries in the heart, which narrows and hardens them)
  • Coronary heart disease or ischaemic heart disease (angina and heart attack) caused by atherosclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Deep vein thrombosis or DVT (blood clots in the legs)
  • Peripheral arterial disease (problems with the blood supply to your legs and arms)

Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of death in England. Risk of cardiovascular disease is increased in people who smoke, are physically inactive, are over-weight or obese, have high blood pressure and cholesterol and people who are diabetic.

Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of death in the UK. The risk of cardiovascular disease is increased if you smoke, have high blood pressure (hypertension), have high levels of cholesterol, are physically inactive, are over-weight or obese, are diabetic or have a family history of heart disease. Cardiovascular disease risk also increases with age.

The charts and tables below show that South Asians have higher rates of cardiovascular disease compared to the general population.

In the charts below the inner circle shows the rate of cardiovascular disease amongst different ethnicities and the outer circle looks at stroke and Ischaemic heart disease (people who have had angina or heart attacks).

Cardiovascular Disease In Men And Women

The inner circle represents men and the outer women. Compared to the general population all ethnic minority groups have lower rates of cardiovascular disease in both men and women. In particular the Bangladeshi community have the 2nd lowest rates after the Black African community. Pakistan men have the highest rates within the ethnic minority communities.

In all cases men suffer from cardiovascular disease more than women. The closest gap between men and women is in the general population and Black Caribbean communities.

IHD and Stroke In Men And Women

Statistics for IHD and stroke are generally lower in all ethnic categories compared to cardiovascular disease sufferers. The inner circle shows that Men generally fare worse in this category compared to women who represent the outer circle. Similar to cardiovascular disease sufferers the Bangladeshi community has relatively lower levels of recorded IHD and strokes. Indian and Pakistani men have the highest levels, higher than the general population.

© Crown Copyright. Source data has been derived from ONS Census 2001, unless otherwise stated.